A statutory rape conviction my carry a very severe sentence, yet no intent to harm is required. They may be two people deeply in love, but the law is there to protect minors and punish according to age, not wrongful intent (though that may be present and add to the list of chargeable offenses).
There are different classifications of theft in many jurisdictions which depend on whether the victim is a member of a vulnerable class, such as the elderly, and the perp is someone in a position to take advantage.
One interesting thing about hate crimes is that they have caused disagreements and division within groups. Many liberals are torn between the desire to protect historically vulnerable groups on one hand and the need to protect free speech on the other, so they do not all agree on the value of hate crime laws. It can drive some very thoughtful discussion.